The Solution of the Kurdish Question Will Create a Democratic Middle East

The Kurdish freedom movement made sure that chauvinist fascist forces did not succeed in Turkey and by doing this has formed a basis for the democratisation of Turkey.

 

 

 

Cemil BAYIK

Different circles are showing different reactions to the Kurdish people’s leader Ocalan’s quest for a solution. We can see different approaches both on the side of Turkey and the side of the Kurds. This is not something new. There have always been those that have wanted to misinterpret the Kurdish people’s leader Ocalan’s similar efforts in the past twenty years. Obviously this is natural; there will always be those that support these efforts and those that do not. However, what is important is for objectivity to prevail. This leader’s mentality and his ambitions must be understood correctly. The Kurdish people and their friends have always understood the Kurdish people’s leader and have shown every effort in realising his visions for the future.

Without a doubt a democratic solution is a bilateral process. One of these sides is the state; those that support state policies. The other side are those that struggle against the state around specific demands. The state is mostly persecutory and resists against responding to popular demands. A democratic solution is at the same time a stage in the struggle where a compromise with the state has become possible. If a radical split from the state has not realised and efforts to form a separate democratic system have not been completely successful, then a compromise can be met. Revolutionary struggles do not always bring about radical solutions. Compromise and solutions from the middle ground are also results of a revolutionary struggle. The very definition of a radical solution is in itself problematic. If there is no ambition of abolishing one state to form another, a good democratic solution can bring about long term radical results. If by revolutionary and radical developments we don’t just mean the abolishing of states, then democratic solutions are definitely capable of bringing about deep-rooted radical developments.

A forty year struggle has shown that radical changes can come about even without the abolishing of or forming of states. On top of this, the abolishment and formation of states does not express a radical change. Especially for those that possess a democratic and libertarian mentality statist solutions are meaningless and definitely do not entail revolutionary changes.

In forty years the Kurdistan freedom movement transformed the Kurdish people from a people that had accepted its fate to a people that is willing to struggle for its freedom under every circumstance. Can there be a bigger revolution? The social and democratic revolution that has occurred in Kurdistan is a very rare occurrence. In the past forty years Kurds have completed their revival, have enforced everyone to accept their existence and have become significant actors in democratic developments in all four parts of Kurdistan. Today, the existence, strength and impact of the PKK can be felt in all parts of Kurdistan. This is why the Kurdish people’s leader Mr. Ocalan’s latest move is being closely followed by all parts of Kurdistan. The Kurdish freedom movement has created significant revolutionary developments; the latest attempt for a democratic solution is being made on this backdrop. This is why the Kurdish people’s leader is calling this “a new era” in which major democratic strides will materialise.

By taking a stride towards democratic emancipation and free life, The Kurdish people’s leader wants to reinvigorate the democratic forces of Turkey and energise the Kurdish people for a final push on solving the Kurdish question and democratizing Turkey. Whereas during certain circumstances armed struggle may seem like a viable method, during a process of democratisation democratic politics and democratic struggle come to the fore. If the AKP government decides to follow the Kurdish people’s leader’s foresights and forethoughts then the fruits of a forty year struggle will not only be a democratic solution of the Kurdish question but will also lead to a wider democratisation of Turkey.

One other point of discussion is Turkey’s impact on the region after solving its Kurdish question. The Kurdish freedom movement has been stating this for years. However, discussions around a possible revitalisation of an Ottoman like regional empire are way off the mark. Had the Turkish state been successful in assimilating the Kurdish people it would have become a very dangerous imperial force in the region. It is not as if certain forces did not attempt to do this, chauvinist forces in Turkey had hoped this would have been the case but they were unsuccessful. The Kurdish freedom movement made sure that these chauvinist fascist forces did not succeed; and by doing this formed a basis for the democratisation of Turkey.

A democratised Turkey that has solved its Kurdish question will no doubt be an attractive prospect, just as Europe did after the Second World War. This attraction will derive from the effects of a deeper democracy and wider freedoms. The Kurdish people will be a pushing force during this process. Therefore, with this push for democracy the gates will be open to a democratic confederalism of the Middle East. This will be a suited democratic solution to the heritage of the Middle East where a symbiotic balance between the peoples of the region will flourish.

These are the hopes for Turkey and the Middle East in the foresights of the Kurdish freedom movement. In this version of the Middle East all peoples, ethnic and religious communities will freely and democratically live side by side. Other circles may have different plans for the Middle East, but this is the projection of Kurdistan, Turkey and the Middle East in the forethoughts of the Kurdish freedom movement. 

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Time Magazine and the West’s Perception

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